Mrs Daniel, you maintain that the food systems will increasingly come under pressure due to various factors such as climate change, growing population and increasing urbanisation. What will we have to reckon with?
The availability of food and, thus, of what will ultimately end up on our table will change. Eating good food as we do today will, at any rate, become more expensive.
What will this mean over a period of five and 15 years?
No major changes will occur over the next five years. But food will become scarcer in the coming 15 years, leading to higher prices. This notwithstanding, everyone in Germany will continue to be able to afford such an accommodative and frequently also decadent diet. But in Africa and also in some Asian countries with an enormous population growth we will probably witness more frequent unrest. Past experiences have shown that rising food prices also increase the probability of political tensions of all kinds.
You are predicting new food production systems. Which trends are emerging?
The biggest trend is the revolution we see in the world of animal-based foods with a multitude of substitute products. What we currently find in supermarkets is in many cases not yet adequate in terms of taste as well as smell and structure. Especially in the US, but increasingly also in Europe, we find many start-ups operating in this market segment who are endowed with large amounts of venture capital. The products which are currently being developed will lead to a sensory quantum leap.
The future is all about personalised nutrition and, consequently, also about a personalised supermarket. This goes all the way to 3D printed menus.
Prof. Dr. Hannelore Daniel
What will the supermarket of the future look like?
If I knew that I would have started my own business long ago. Going forward, we will increasingly be asking for food production criteria such as sustainability, regional origin, but also for products that are free from gluten, lactose and also fructose. But also health risks such as cardiovascular diseases or hypertension could increase demand for special foods. The future is all about personalised nutrition and, consequently, also about a personalised supermarket. This goes all the way to 3D printed menus. In my opinion, the most promising approach will likely be in the field of e-commerce.